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Contact UsStrategies that have been so proven are called evidence-based practices, or EBPs.
For referral to lists of EBPs, see our Resources page.
Other strategies are either unproven or disproven.
This selectivity is a double-edged sword in that it ensures the effective application of resources, but it dampens innovation.
Classification by Methodology The second classification system, classification by methodology, divides all prevention strategies into two groups: individual or environmental.
To illustrate the difference between individual and environmental prevention, consider this situation.
Suppose a community is experiencing high rates of car crashes related to underage drinking.
The community can respond in numerous ways.
It can educate its students about the dangers of drinking and driving: it can enrolling them in an online curriculum like or a classroom curriculum like.
It http://slot-promo.win/night/how-much-is-the-powerball-jackpot-tomorrow-night.html also increase enforcement of alcoholic beverage laws by increasing the number of compliance article source at alcohol retailers, patrol cars on the streets, and penalties for social hosting.
Some of these strategies are individual, and some are environmental.
Currently environmental prevention strategies are dominating the world of prevention since they are generally more economical.
According to this classification system, there are three types of prevention: universal, selected targetedor indicated.
Universal prevention is for everyone.
An example would be a smoke-free area: it prevents everyone, smokers and non- from inhaling toxic chemicals http://slot-promo.win/night/napa-casino-night.html negatively affect their health.
Selective prevention is for people who are at risk of experiencing a particular problem.
Indicated prevention mit spielen geld verdienen for individuals who have shown signs of a problem but who have not yet been diagnosed with it.
An example might include the screening of a student who has been found in possession of illicit drugs.
Sometime identifying whether a prevention strategy is universal, selective, or indicated can be challenging.
Strategy Universal Selective Indicated Explanation 1.
Suport groups for adults with a history of mental illness X Those who attend the support groups have a risk factor for mental illness i.
Were they to show signs of mental illness, this strategy would be indicated.
Laws that increase penalties for providing alcohol to minors X Laws apply to everyone in a community, regardless of how likely at risk they are to provide alochol to minors.
Programs for families experiencing transitions X Families who participate in the program have a risk factor for many behavioral health problems i.
Were they to show signs of a behavioral health problem, this strategy would be indicated.
Social norming campaign to decrease norms favorable to marijuana use X The strategy description does not mit spielen geld verdienen what type of campaign this is; therefore, we must assume it is designed for a general audience.
A general audience includes people who have risk factors in their lives that put them at risk of using marijuana as well as people who do not have these risk factors in their lives.
Since this strategy reaches both groups, it is universal.
Were the strategy designed to be seen by or to appeal to a certain group with a risk factor increasing likelihood of using marijuana children whose parents approve of marijuana use, for instancethen it would be mit spielen geld verdienen selective strategy.
Strengthening programs for families in poverty X Families who participate in these programs are in poverty.
Poverty is a known risk factor for multiple behavioral health problems.
Mentoring programs for children of incarcerated parents X Children who participate in the mentoring programs have an incarcerated parent, which is a risk factor itself and suggests other risk factors as well.
A referral process for older adults identifed with prescription drug problems X The older adults who benefit from the referral process have been identified as showing signs of prescription drug problems.
They have moved beyond being at risk for prescription drug abuse; they have actually experienced it.
Had they only shown risk factors mit spielen geld verdienen from chronic pain, for instancethis strategy would be selective.
Prevention programs for all middle school students in a community X This strategy does not apply to all people, but it does apply to all people in middle school, regardless of their level of mit spielen geld verdienen />A middle school population includes students whose lives contain many risk factors for behavioral problems and students whose lives contain none assuming that being a middle mit spielen geld verdienen is not itself a risk factor.
Were it, this strategy would be selective.
College campus policies on alcohol X The strategy description does not mention for whom the policies apply; therefore, we must assume the policies apply to the entire campus population.
A campus population includes people whose lives contain risk factors for alcohol abuse and people whose lives contain none.
Were these policies only to apply to an at-risk sub-population, then this strategy would be selective.
Were they only to apply to a sub-population that had abused alcohol, this strategy would be indicated.
Programs for people arrested for drunk driving X People arrested for drunk driving have already abused alcohol.
They have manifested that they have an alcohol problem not necessary a dependence or addiction, but a problem nonetheless Source: "Substance Abuse Prevention Skills Training: A Behavioral Health Workforce Development Curriculum," Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration Classification Overlap The fact that there are multiple ways of understanding and categorizing prevention strategies means that any given strategy can be described three different ways and designated with three different labels.
The chart below gives several examples.
It lists ten strategies for reducing underage drinking and describes them according to each classification system.
Have an alcohol-related motivational speaker offer personal testimpny to high school students at a school-wide assembly.
Disproven Individual Universal 2.
Host a Reality Tour, a three-hour educational program hosted in a community setting for parents and children ages 10-17.
Require high school English teachers to present a traditional lecture on substances and consequences.
Unproven Individual Universal 4.
Require high school English teachers to administer AlcoholEdu, an online interactive alcohol education and prevention course designed to increase alcohol-related knowledge, discourage acceptance of underage drinking, and prevent or decrease alcohol use and its related negative consequence.
Send those convicted of underage drinking to boot camp.
Disproven Individual Indicated 6.
Conduct for alcohol retailers.
EBP Environmental Universal 7.
Reduce alcohol outlet density through zoning restrictions.
EBP Environmental Universal 8.
Implement Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students, a prevention program for college students who drink alcohol heavily and have experienced or are at risk for alcohol-related problems.
Increase the number of sobriety checkpoints.
EBP Environmental Universal 10.
Increase the penalties for those convicted of sale to underage persons, social hosting, underage possession or consumption, and driving under the influence.
EBP Environmental Universal Sources: a.
Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services c.
The Colorado Department of Education 1.
WMPN pursues only evidence-based, environmental strategies.
This policy ensures that our efforts are both effective and economical.
The Strategic Prevention Framework For even more information about the SPF, a brief and a more thorough are available on the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's website.